June 8, 2024
Agriculture & Farming

WHAT IS A PLANT?

According to the scientific definition, plants are multicellular living organisms, with eukaryotic cells (cells that have nuclear bodies inside a defined nucleus).

CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS:

Living organisms were classified into major kingdoms in different classification systems. Plants were kept in Kingdom Plantae.

The plant naturally grows in a particular place where it absorbs the required amount of minerals and water through its roots and root hairs. Plant leaves are the food manufacturing units that contain a specific pigment known as chlorophyll, which helps plants to synthesize their food by photosynthesis. The plant contains vascular tissues known as Xylem and Phloem, which help the transportation of water and food inside the plant. Minerals and water are transported to the whole plant through Xylem vessels while food from plant leaves is transported to other parts of plants through Phloem vessels.

Living organisms are of two types according to their feeding habits, Heterotrophic and autotrophic.

Heterotrophic: Those living organisms that cannot prepare their own food but rather depend on other food sources.

Autotrophic: Those living organisms that can prepare their own food using inorganic matter

Plants are autotrophs, i.e., prepare their own food using sunlight and carbon dioxide in the presence of chlorophyll. Photosynthesis occurs in chloroplast,last where light energy is converted into a usable form of food for plants.

PRIMARY PRODUCERS IN ECOSYSTEMS:

In many ecosystems, the plant is the primary producer, while many secondary producers, as well as consumers, feed on plants in the food chain. On the other hand, oxygen is the byproduct of photosynthesis, so plants are a vital entity for living organisms to survive.

Over 300,000 species of plants have been known to Earth and exemplified as:

  • Trees.
  • Crops.
  • Flowers.
  • Herbs
  • Moss.
  • Grasses.
  • Algae.

ABOUT PLANT IN THE QURAN AND THE HADITH:

The Quranic verse:

 “Then let mankind look at his food. How We poured down water in torrents, Then We broke open the earth, splitting [it with sprouts], And caused to grow within it grain And grapes and herbage, And olive and palm trees, And gardens of dense shrubbery, And fruit and grass [As] enjoyment for you and your grazing livestock”

   (Surah Aabasa: 25-32)

The Hadith:

“Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “There is none amongst the Muslims who plants a tree or sows seeds, and then a bird, or a person or an animal eats from it but is regarded as a charitable gift for him.”

                    (Sahih al-Bukhari 2320, Book 41, Hadith 1)